Poland

Sejm

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
15 Oct 2023
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
31 Oct 2027
Number of seats at stake
460
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates
6,333
Number of male candidates
3,514
Number of female candidates
2,819
Percentage of women candidates
44.5%

Voter turnout

Registered voters
29,532,595
Voters
21,966,891
Voter turnout
74.4%

Results

About the election

Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki’s Law and Justice party (PiS) remained the largest force in the 460-member Sejm with 194 seats, but it fell short of a majority. Civic Coalition (KO), led by Mr. Donald Tusk, a former Prime Minister of Poland and President of the European Council, came second with 157 seats. The Third Way coalition, formed by the Polish People's Party (PSL) and Polska 2050, came third with 65. In the 100-member Senate, KO became the largest force, taking 41 seats. PiS came second with 34 seats, followed by Third Way with 11. On 6 November, President Andrzej Duda (independent, backed by PiS) invited Mr. Morawiecki to form a government.

The 2023 elections were held in parallel with a referendum. The opposition parties called for a boycott of the referendum. It did not receive the requisite 50% turnout to validate the results. Nevertheless, questions asked in the referendum, such as on European Union asylum and migration policy, and the removal of the border barrier with Belarus, became the major electoral issues, along with the war in Ukraine, security, economic stability, and social policies.

Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
42.2%

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Law and Justice (PiS) 194
Civic Coalition (KO) 157
The Third Way 65
The New Left (Nowa Lewica) 26
Confederation Liberty and Independence (KWiN) 18
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
325
Number of women elected
135
Percentage of women elected
29.3%
Women Directly Elected
135
Other notes on the elections

Note on the First Speaker of the new legislature:

Mr. Szymon Hołownia is the leader of Polska 2050, which was part of the Third Way coalition in the 2023 elections.

Sources

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
325
Total number of women after the election
135
Percentage of women after the election
29.3%
First-term parliamentarians
117
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
25.4%
Date of the first session
13 Nov 2023

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Szymon Hołownia (Male)
Date of birth: 03 Sep 1976
Political party
The Third Way
Date of election
13 Nov 2023

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No