Poland

Senate

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
191
(2022)

Notes:

The "Parliament" includes the following entities who possess the right of legislative initiative: groups of least 15 Deputies, Sejm committees, and the Senate. The "Executive" includes the following entities who possess the right of legislative initiative: the Council of Ministers and the President of the Republic.

The number of laws initiated by the Parliament and the Executive combined exceeds the total number of laws adopted in the 2011-2015 legislature (752) due to the possibility of joint consideration of bills by the Sejm. In the 2011-2015 legislature, the Executive initiated 447 laws and the Parliament initiated 340 laws.

In the 2015-2019 legislature, 2 laws were initiated by a group of at least 100,000 citizens.

Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
670
(2023-11)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
143
(2023-11)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
527
(2023-11)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
21%
(2023-11)
Dates of the previous legislature
12 Nov 2019 to 12 Nov 2023
(2023-11)
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
Other

Notes:

- The lower chamber may reject the decision of the upper chamber by an absolute majority vote in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of members of the lower chamber.

- If the upper chamber fails to adopt an appropriate resolution on the bill within 30 days of submission of a bill, the bill shall be considered adopted according to the wording submitted by the lower chamber.

Sources: Constitution, art. 121

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 122

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
0
(2022)
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination

Sources: Constitution, art. 123

Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Parliament

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

There is a procedure for introducing emergency legislation into parliament
Yes
Number of times the procedure for emergency legislation was used, per year
14

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No