Romania

Chamber of Deputies

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
06 Dec 2020
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
31 Dec 2024
Number of seats at stake
330
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Voter turnout

Registered voters
18,964,642
Voters
6,059,113
Voter turnout
31.9%

Results

About the election

The Social Democratic Party (PSD, see note), led by Speaker Ion-Marcel Ciolacu, remained the largest force in both the 330-member Chamber of Deputies and the 136-member Senate, but reduced its share of seats. The Party took 110 seats in the Chamber (down from 154) and 47 in the Senate (down from 67). Prime Minister Ludovic Orban’s National Liberal Party (PNL), which finished second, increased its share of seats in both houses, taking 93 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (up from 69) and 41 in the Senate (up from 30). Mr. Orban resigned as Prime Minister but remained as PNL leader. The 2020 elections held amid the COVID-19 pandemic saw a low turnout of 32 per cent, down from 39 per cent in 2016.

The newly elected parliament held its first session on 21 December. The Chamber of Deputies elected former Prime Minister Orban (PNL) as its new Speaker. The Senate elected Ms. Anca Dana Dragu (USR-PLUS Alliance) as its new President, who thereby became the first woman in Romania to assume the post.

On 21 December, the PNL agreed to form a coalition government with the USR-PLUS Alliance and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) under the premiership of Mr. Florin Cîțu (PNL). The coalition government promised “profound reforms” to leave the “post-communist transition period” behind and “develop and modernize the State”.

Note:

After the December 2016 elections, Mr. Sorin Grindeanu (PSD) formed a coalition government comprising the PSD and the Liberal-Democrat Alliance (ALDE). He lost a vote of confidence in July 2017 and was succeeded by Mr. Mihai Tudose (PSD). In January 2018, Ms. Vasilica Viorica Dăncilă (PSD) succeeded him, thereby becoming the first woman to assume the premiership. After the collapse of her government in November 2019, Mr. Ludovic Orban (PNL) formed a minority government but it lost a vote of confidence in February 2020. Although the Constitutional Court ruled that the Constitution did not allow the President to nominate any former Prime Minister who had been ousted in a no-confidence vote, President Klaus Iohannis (independent, formerly PNL) re-appointed Mr. Orban as Prime Minister in March 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Number of parties winning seats
5
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
33.3%
Alternation of power after elections
Not applicable
Number of parties in government
3
Names of parties in government
National Liberal Party (PNL), USR-PLUS Alliance, Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR)

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 110
National Liberal Party (PNL) 93
USR-PLUS Alliance 55
Alliance for the Unity of Romanians (AUR) 33
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) 21
Members representing ethnic minorities 18
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
270
Number of women elected
60
Percentage of women elected
18.2%
Women Directly Elected
60
Other notes on the elections

Note on the "Number of seats at stake":

312 directly elected members and 18 members representing ethnic minorities. If a legally established national minority does not win any seats in either chamber of Parliament, the citizens' organization representing that national minority is entitled to one seat in the Chamber of Deputies (under certain conditions). There are 19 legally established national minorities; the Czech and Slovak minorities are represented by one person. A maximum of 18 seats can therefore be allocated to national minorities.

Sources

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
268
Total number of women after the election
61
Percentage of women after the election
18.5%
First-term parliamentarians
61
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
18.5%
Date of the first session
21 Dec 2020

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Ludovic Orban (Male)
Date of birth: 1963
Political party
National Liberal Party (PNL)
Date of election
21 Dec 2020

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No