Romania

Senate

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parlamentul României (Parliament of Romania)
Chamber name
Senatul (Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1891 to 1949
from 1954
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Senate
Speaker
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (Male)
Date of birth: 07 Feb 1967
Term
13 Jun 2023
Additional information

Elected on 13 June 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Mario-Ovidiu Oprea (Male)
Term
01 Sep 2022
Notes

Appointed on 1 Sep. 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
136
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
136
Current number of members
135
Men
111
Women
24
Percentage of women
17.8%
Statutory number of members per country 
466
Population (in thousands)
19,329
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
41,479

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
49.7
(2020-12)
Youngest member
Adrian Costea (Male)
Youngest member (years)
33
Oldest member
Ion Prioteasa (Male)
Oldest member (years)
70
Number of members, by age (2020-12)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 17 21 23 36 13 1 0 0 111
Female 0 0 2 7 10 5 1 0 0 0 25
Totals per age interval 0 0 19 28 33 41 14 1 0 0 136
Total <= 45: 47 Total >= 46: 89
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
14.0% 13% 1.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
34.6% 28% 6.6%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: Cf. individual party statutes and Law 202/2002.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No