Romania

Senate

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Second
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
4 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto

Notes: ministry of justice must immediately notify speaker. if the chamber should find there are no grounds for detention, it shall order immediate cancellation of such measure, to the secret vote of the majority members of the chamber. the provision for revocation of detention shall be executed immediately by the minister of justice.

There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
224,640 LEI
(2021)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
131,368
(2021)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
71,044
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Periodicity of attendance allowance
Day
Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
No
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes: Monthly lumpsum allowances to cover expenses with setting up, organizing and running constituency offices (rental, utilities, maintenance, salaries of staff, mobile telephone and internet subscription, office supplies, fuel, taxi, protocol etc.). For Senators who do not reside in their constituencies, the costs of accommodation, the daily allowance and travel is paid by the Senate, under the conditions of Law no. 96/2006 on the Statute of Deputies and Senators, with subsequent amendments and completions.

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes
Committee Chair Yes

Notes:

Speaker: 250,560 lei

Deputy Speaker: 248,896 lei

Head of parliamentary group: 247,440 lei

Committee Chair: 246,816 lei

Salary of the Speaker
250,560 LEI
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
150,940
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Member salaries are stipulated in Law no. 153/2017 on the remuneration of staff paid from public funds, with subsequent amendments and completions, adopted by Parliament.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Stipulated via Law no. 153/2017 on the remuneration of staff paid from public funds, with subsequent amendments and completions, adopted by Parliament.

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Minimum wage

Notes:

Law no. 153/2017, Art. 13(1) stipulates that the gross national minimum wage guaranteed in payment is used to establish salaries for public dignity positions

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
136
(2020)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No