Rwanda

Senate

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parliament (Parlement)
Chamber name
Sénat (Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1971 to 1972
from 1982 to 1993
from 1995
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Senate
Speaker
François-Xavier Kalinda (Male)
Date of birth: 30 May 1962
Term
09 Jan 2023
Additional information

Elected on 9 Jan. 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Clerk of the Senate
Secretary General
Sosthène Cyitatire (Male)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
26

Notes:

Indirectly elected members:

- 12 members (one from the City of Kigali, two from Northern Province, three each from Provinces of West, East and South) indirectly elected by members of the Executive Committees of Sectors and District, Municipality, Town or City Councils,

- Four members elected by the Forum of Political Organizations,

- Two university lecturers indirectly elected by the academic and research staff of public and private universities and institutions of higher education.

Appointed members: Eight members appointed by the President.

At least 30 per cent of members must be women.

In addition, former Heads of State become members of the Senate upon their request.

Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected
Indirectly elected members
18
Appointed members
8
Current number of members
26
Men
17
Women
9
Percentage of women
34.6%
Statutory number of members per country 
106
Population (in thousands)
13,462
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
127,000

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
No information available
Number of members, by age (2019-10)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 0 1 2 4 8 2 0 0 17
Female 0 0 0 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 9
Totals per age interval 0 0 0 4 5 7 8 2 0 0 26
Total <= 45: 4 Total >= 46: 22
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
0.0% 0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
15.4% 4% 11.5%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes: At least 30% of the members must be women

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: At least thirty per cent (30 %) of the Senators shall be women

Sources: Constitution, art 82

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
No information available
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No