Singapore

Parliament

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parliament
Chamber name
Parliament
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

Notes: Parliamentary term: 5 years (two and a half years for appointed members)

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of Parliament
Speaker
Kian Peng Seah (Male)
Date of birth: 1961
Term
02 Aug 2023
Additional information

Elected on 2 Aug. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Clerk
Secretary General
Ng Sheau Jiuan (Female)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
104

Notes:

- Appointed members: up to nine members may be nominated by the President for a term of two and a half years.

- Other: up to 12 non-constituency members may be appointed from among unsuccessful opposition candidates who obtained the highest percentage of votes in a general election.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
93
Appointed members
9
Other members
2
Current number of members
99
Men
70
Women
29
Percentage of women
29.3%
Population (in thousands)
5,941
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
48.3
(2020-08)
Youngest member
Raeesah Khan (Female)
Youngest member (years)
27
Oldest member
Lee Hsien Loong (Male)
Oldest member (years)
68
Number of members, by age (2020-08)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 8 16 15 21 7 0 0 0 67
Female 0 1 6 7 5 8 1 0 0 0 28
Totals per age interval 0 1 14 23 20 29 8 0 0 0 95
Total <= 45: 38 Total >= 46: 57
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
1.1% 0.0% 1.1%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
15.8% 8% 7.4%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
40.0% 25% 14.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes: No reserved seats for minorities however Group Representation Constituencies exist whereby at least one of the MPs in a GRC must be a member of the Malay, Indian or another minority community of Singapore. GRCs are multi-member constituencies.

Electoral quota for women
No

Sources: Cf. Parliamentary Elections Act (Cap. 218, 2008 Rev. Ed.) and the Constitution.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No