Singapore

Parliament

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
Other

Notes: The Speaker is elected by the Parliament but must not necessarily be a member of Parliament. All of the Members who are neither Ministers nor Parliamentary Secretaries and persons who are not Members of the Parliament can be candidates.

Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Parliament
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Seventh
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
Yes

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
5 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
No
There is a Code of conduct for members
No

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
192,500 SGD
(2021)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
218,750
(2021)
Basic allowances
No information available
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
No
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No information available

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
No
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes
Committee Chair No

Notes:

Speaker: SGD 550,000

Leader of the Opposition: SGD 385,000

Deputy Speaker: SGD 275,000

Salary of the Speaker
550,000 SGD
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
654,762
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount

Independent Committee appointed by the Prime Minister’s Office and endorsed by Parliament.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Ministerial salary
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website

Not available.

Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Must be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
38
(2023)
Members for whom data is available
95
(2020)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
38.4%
(2023-12)

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No