Slovakia

National Council

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Second
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
Yes

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
4 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes

Notes: parliamentary immunity from prosecution for offences (including minor as well as criminal offences and felonies) has been repealed, so criminal prosecution or administrative proceedings against mps in such cases does not require authorization from the national council. the national council’s authorization is still required, however, in order for an mp to be detained (in case of flagrante delicto) or remanded in custody (pre-trial detention).

There is a Code of conduct for members
No

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
39,240 EUR
(2022)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
72,667
(2022)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
68,031
Names of the basic allowances

There is a flat-rate compensation based on the residence of MPs (exempt from taxation):

Average per member with a permanent residence in Bratislava region is €23,592 (€1,966 per month)

Average per member without a permanent residence in Bratislava region is €35,376 (€2,293 per month)

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
Yes
Housing
Yes
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes: The Chancellery of the National Council provides allowances to employ up to 3 assistants (renumerated at 2.7 times the average monthly wage of an employee in the Slovak Republic - €35,376 in 2020) and establish a constituency office outside parliamentary premises, contingent upon declaration of expenses. Members are eligible for housing allowances if they do not have a permanent residence in Bratislava. Allowances or reimbursements are provided for accommodation and travel related to parliamentary duties, up to a given amount, determined by a resolution of the National Council.

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes Yes
Committee Chair Yes

Notes:

Basic annual salary:

Speaker - €45 287 + a suitably equipped apartment, free of charge

Vice-Speaker - €43 295

Committee Chair - €41 304

Vice committee Chairs - €40 308

Salary of the Speaker
45,287 EUR
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
87,090
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount

The salary is determined pursuant to Act no 120/1993 Coll. on Salaries of some Constitutional Officials as amended.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to the average nominal monthly wage of an employee in the economy of the Slovak Republic for the previous calendar year.

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Cannot be a member of parliament

Notes: Should a Member of Parliament, member of the Government of the Slovak Republic, judge, Prosecutor, member of the armed forces or armed corps, or President or Vice-President of the Supreme Audit Office of the Slovak Republic be elected President, he or she will cease executing his or her previous office from the day of his or her election (Constitution, art. 103(4)).

Members for whom data is available
150
(2023)

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No