Somalia

House of the People

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Federal Parliament
Chamber name
Golaha Shacabka (House of the People)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

Notes:

In accordance with the amendments to the 2012 provisional constitution, adopted by Parliament in March 2024, the parliamentary term has been extended from four to five years.
The new parliamentary term has been applied to the current legislature. Its term, started in April 2022, will thus continue until April 2027, instead of 2026.
The next parliamentary elections will be held in 2026, before the expiry of the current legislature, under what is known as the three-party system: the three parties that win the most seats in the local elections will contest the parliamentary elections.

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1963 to 1969
from 1980 to 1990
from 2006 to 2008
from 2013
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of the People
Speaker
Sheikh Adan Mohamed Nur (Madobe) (Male)
Date of birth: 15 Apr 1956
Term
28 Apr 2022
Additional information

Elected on 28 Apr. 2022.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdulle (Male)
Term
03 Oct 2022
Notes

Appointed on 3 Oct. 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
275

Notes:

Indirectly elected: A total of 135 traditional elders select 14,025 members (51 members for each of the 275 members of the House of the People) to Electoral Colleges in consultation with their relevant and respective elders (Nabadoono). The Electoral Colleges then elect 275 members to the House of the People.

At least 30 per cent of seats are reserved for women.

Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected
Indirectly elected members
275
Current number of members
275
Men
221
Women
54
Percentage of women
19.6%
Statutory number of members per country 
329
Population (in thousands)
17,066
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
51,872

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Youngest member
Ahmed Omar Islow Mohamed (Male)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Yusuf Dirir Abdi-Isse (Male)
Oldest member (years)
79
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes: 30% of seats are legally reserved for women

Electoral quota for women
No

Sources: Garowe Principles I (2011) and Garowe Principles II (2012), are the two documents which outline the key constitutional and governance principles for the future set-up of Somalia as a federal state, and among others provide a thirty per cent (30 %) reserved seats for women.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No