Somalia

House of the People

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
Other

Notes: Currently all members of the House of the People have been appointed by community elders based on the 4.5 formula to ensure all communities are represented. However, Article 47 of the Provisional Constitution stipulates that "the regulations concerning[...] elections at the Federal Government level[...] shall be defined in special laws enacted by the House of the People of the Federal Parliament of Somalia.The Provisional Constitution of Somalia outlines that the Federal Republic of Somalia should have a bicameral Parliament consisting of the House of the People (the lower house) with 275 members directly elected from constituencies and the upper house (senate) with 54 members, 3 members elected from each of the 18 regions of Somalia as recognized at 1991.

Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Second
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
4 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes

Notes: when the immunity of a member is waived, it shall be endorsed by a majority vote of the members (50%+1) excluding vacant seats occasioned by death, resignation or otherwise legally vacant.

There is a Code of conduct for members
No information available

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2023)
Basic salary, per year
Click for historical data
Basic salary, per year in PPP
Click for historical data
Basic allowances
No information available
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Members pay income tax on salaries
No
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No information available

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
No
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker No Yes
Committee Chair No

Notes: Two deputy speakers who chair some sessions receive a special and are allowed 1,500 in addition to the 3,000 monthly allowance

Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No information available
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Standing Committee

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
No
Year data was last reported

2012

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
Click for historical data
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No