Sao Tome and Principe

National Assembly

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Assembleia Nacional (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Assembleia nacional (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 2000
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the National Assembly
Speaker
Celmira Sacramento (Female)
Date of birth: 17 Apr 1975
Term
08 Nov 2022
Additional information

Elected on 8 Nov. 2022.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Domingos José da Trindade Boa Morte (Male)
Term
21 Nov 2022
Notes

Appointed on 21 Nov. 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
55
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
55
Current number of members
55
Men
47
Women
8
Percentage of women
14.5%
Population (in thousands)
223
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
4,055

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
46.5
(2022-11)
Youngest member
Edmilson Amoco (Male)
Youngest member (years)
22
Oldest member
Guilherme Octaviano Viegas dos Ramos (Male)
Oldest member (years)
66
Number of members, by age (2022-11)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 1 9 7 10 16 4 0 0 0 47
Female 0 0 3 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 8
Totals per age interval 0 1 12 8 11 19 4 0 0 0 55
Total <= 45: 21 Total >= 46: 34
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
1.8% 1.8% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
23.6% 18% 5.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
38.2% 31% 7.3%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes:

The 2022 Equality Law (Lei No. 11/2022)* aims to ensure a minimum representation of 40% of each gender for elective bodies, such as the National Assembly, and Regional Legislative Assembly.

The first two places on lists of candidates must be occupied by candidates of different genders. The rest of a list may not include more than two candidates of the same gender consecutively. Lists which fail to comply with these requirements may be rejected by the court.

Sources:

Article 4, clauses 1 and 2, article 5, and article 6 of the Law on Parity (Lei No. 11/2022)

* The Law was adopted by the National Assembly on 28 July 2022, enacted by the President of the Republic on 14 September 2022, and entered into force 60 days after publication in the official journal (Diário da República) dated 19 September 2022.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No