Sao Tome and Principe

National Assembly

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
12 Oct 2014
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Number of seats at stake
55
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election
12
The number of candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes

Voter turnout

Registered voters
92,790
Voters
69,510
Voter turnout
74.9%

Results

About the election

The Independent Democratic Alliance (ADI) led by former Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada won a majority, taking 33 seats in the 55-member National Assembly. The Sao Tome and Principe Liberation Movement/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) of Mr. Aurélio Martins followed with 16 seats. Prime Minister Gabriel Costa's Democratic Convergence Party (PCD) came in a distant third with five seats.

ADI leader Trovoada returned to the country shortly before the polling day after two years of exile in Portugal. He called on voters to support the ADI to promote the country's stability. The MLSTP-PSD's premiership candidate, Mr. Osvaldo Vaz, reminded voters that vote-buying had no place in a democracy and urged everyone to respect the electoral process. The PCD promised to build a "just and fairer" country by creating jobs and eradicating poverty.

The ADI won the biggest share of seats in the previous elections in 2010 but fell short of a majority. Mr. Trovoada subsequently formed a minority government. However, in December 2012, President Manuel Pinto da Costa (independent, formerly MLSTP-PSD) dismissed him following a no-confidence vote in the National Assembly. The President then appointed Mr. Gabriel Costa (PCD) as the new Prime Minister. The latter's premiership candidacy was supported by all parliamentary parties apart from the ADI. Mr. Trovoada went into voluntary exile, claiming that he was being politically persecuted.

Number of parties winning seats
4
Percentage of parties winning seats
33.3%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
60.0%
Alternation of power after elections
Not applicable
Number of parties in government
1
Names of parties in government
Independent Democratic Alliance (ADI)

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Independent Democratic Alliance (ADI) 33
Sao Tome and Principe Liberation Movement - Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) 16
Democratic Convergence Party (PCD) 5
Democracy and Development Union (UDD) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
45
Number of women elected
10
Percentage of women elected
18.2%
Women Directly Elected
10
Other notes on the elections

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry. Article 21 of the Electoral Law stipulates that "The election of the National Assembly is held between the 22 September and on 14 October corresponding to the term of parliamentary year, unless the election results from dissolution".

Sources

National Assembly (17.11.2014)

STP-Press

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
45
Total number of women after the election
10
Percentage of women after the election
18.2%
First-term parliamentarians
45
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
81.8%
Date of the first session
22 Nov 2014

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
José da Graça Diogo (Male)
Date of birth: 1956
Political party
Independent Democratic Alliance (ADI)
Date of election
22 Nov 2014

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No