El Salvador

Legislative Assembly

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Asamblea legislativa (Legislative Assembly)
Chamber name
Asamblea legislativa (Legislative Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
3

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1962 to 1978
from 1986
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the Legislative Assembly
Speaker
Ernesto Alfredo Castro Aldana (Male)
Date of birth: 26 May 1971
Term
01 May 2021
Additional information

Elected on 1 May 2021, re-elected on 1 May 2024.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
No information available
The post of Secretary General is currently vacant
Yes
Notes

Members

Statutory number of members
60
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
60
Current number of members
60
Men
41
Women
19
Percentage of women
31.7%
Population (in thousands)
6,314
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. In their candidate lists for elections to the Legislative Assembly, political parties must ensure that at least 30% of their candidates are women. Both candidates and alternates should collectively contribute to meeting this percentage. Political parties that do not comply with this provision will be fined between 15 and 55 basic salaries, and will have 15 days to correct their list according to what the law stipulates.

Sources: Article 38, Article 71 (e), and Article 73 of the Law on Political Parties (No. 307). The law was adopted by the Legislative Assembly on 14 February 2013; enacted by the President of the Republic on 26 February 2013; and entered into force eight days after publication in the official journal (Diario Oficial) dated 27 February 2013.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No