El Salvador

Legislative Assembly

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
Percentage of women


No information available

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Committee on Women and Gender Equality Gender equality Audelia Guadalupe López Vásquez Female 62

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Electoral quota for women

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. In their candidate lists for elections to the Legislative Assembly, political parties must ensure that at least 30% of their candidates are women. Both candidates and alternates should collectively contribute to meeting this percentage. Political parties that do not comply with this provision will be fined between 15 and 55 basic salaries, and will have 15 days to correct their list according to what the law stipulates.

Sources: Article 38, Article 71 (e), and Article 73 of the Law on Political Parties (No. 307). The law was adopted by the Legislative Assembly on 14 February 2013; enacted by the President of the Republic on 26 February 2013; and entered into force eight days after publication in the official journal (Diario Oficial) dated 27 February 2013.

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker

Women’s suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Restricted or universal suffrage
Women's right to stand for election
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06