Syrian Arab Republic

People's Assembly

Political system
Transitional system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.


Election date(s)
13 Apr 2016
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
23 May 2016
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Number of seats at stake
Scope of elections
Full renewal


Total number of candidates


Number of candidates: About 3,500. Initially 11,341 people submitted their candidacy but only 3,500 remained in race by the polling day.

The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.

Voter turnout

Registered voters
Voter turnout


About the election

On 22 February 2016, President Bashar al-Assad issued a decree calling elections to the People's Assembly for 13 April. The elections were held during the ongoing civil war that began in late 2011. Elections took place with talks, led by the United Nations, on a possible political transition, including the possibility of a new constitution and presidential and parliamentary elections by September 2017.

Opposition forces called for a boycott of the 2016 elections, accusing the government of using the vote to gain leverage in the peace talks. The High Negotiations Committee, the main opposition force in exile, termed the vote "illegitimate".

The National Unity alliance, supporting President al-Assad and his Baath Party, won 200 seats in the 250-member People's Assembly. Many candidates reportedly focused on security issues. On 2 May, the President issued a decree naming winners of parliamentary elections.

Elections did not take place in Raqa and Idlib provinces, which are controlled by the so-called Islamic State and the Al-Qaeda-linked Al-Nusra Front. Amid the violence, fewer Syrians registered to vote in 2016: 8.8 million, down from 10.1 million in 2012. Over 140,000 refugees returned to the country in order to vote. According to the Higher Judicial Committee for Elections, turnout in 2016 was 57.56%, up from 51.26 % in 2012.

Number of parties winning seats
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
Alternation of power after elections
Number of parties in government
Names of parties in government
Baath Arab Party, Syrian Communist Party, Syrian Social Nationalist Party, Socialist Unionists, Socialist Union Party.

Note: The Government also include independent members.

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Baath Arab Party 172
Independents 62
Syrian Social Nationalist Party 7
Syrian Communist Party 4
Socialist Unionists 2
Socialist Union Party 2
Haraka al-'ahd al-waTani 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
Number of women elected
Percentage of women elected
Women Directly Elected
Other notes on the elections

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry. The four-year term of the outgoing legislature started on 24 May 2012. Elections needed to be held between 24 March and 24 May 2016 in accordance with article 62 of the Constitution.


People's Assembly (30.05.2016, 13.07.2017)

Syrian Arab News Agency

France 24

Centre for Research on Globalization

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
Total number of women after the election
Percentage of women after the election
First-term parliamentarians
No information available
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
No information available
Date of the first session
06 Jun 2016

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas (Female)

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06