Eswatini

House of Assembly

Political system
Monarchy
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Libandla (Parliament)
Chamber name
House of Assembly
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

Notes:

Following the proclamation by the King on the occasion of the country’s 50th anniversary in April 2018, the country name has been modified from Swaziland to Eswatini with effective of 30 May 2018.

Suite à la proclamation du Roi à l'occasion du 50ème anniversaire du pays en avril 2018, le nom du pays a été modifié de Swaziland à Eswatini avec effet au 30 mai 2018.

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 2016
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Assembly
Speaker
Jabulani Clement Mabuza (Male)
Date of birth: 22 Jul 1972
Term
06 Oct 2023
Additional information

Elected on 6 Oct. 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Clerk to Parliament
Secretary General
Benedict Xaba (Male)
Term
No information available
Official title
Clerk at Table of the House of Assembly
Secretary General
Raymond Mkhonta (Male)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
74

Notes:

The House of Assembly may comprise up to 76 members as follows:

- No more than 60 members elected from constituencies;*

- No more than 10 members nominated by the King;

- Four female members, specially elected from the four regions;**

- The Attorney General, who is an ex officio member;

- The Speaker, who may be designated from outside Parliament and thereby becomes an ex officio Member of Parliament.

* The House of Assembly elected in 2023 comprises 59 directly elected members, including the Speaker.

** The 2005 Constitution stipulates that the House of Assembly will elect one woman from each of the four regions of the country in cases where the proportion of women is less than 30% of the total membership of Parliament (the House of Assembly and the Senate). In accordance with the Election of Women Members to the House of Assembly Act (Act No. 09 of 2018), four additional women were elected in December 2023. The House of Assembly thus comprises 16 women out of 74 members.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
59
Indirectly elected members
4
Appointed members
10
Other members
1
Current number of members
74
Men
58
Women
16
Percentage of women
21.6%
Statutory number of members per country 
104
Population (in thousands)
1,192
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
11,920

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Number of members, by age (2023-10)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 2 10 10 15 15 4 1 0 0 57
Female 0 0 2 3 1 5 5 0 0 0 16
Totals per age interval 0 2 12 13 16 20 9 1 0 0 73
Total <= 45: 27 Total >= 46: 46
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
2.7% 2.7% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
19.2% 16% 2.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
37.0% 30% 6.8%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Women
4
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: At least 5 of the 10 members appointed by the King to the House of Assembly must be women. When women do not constitute at least 30% of the total number of Members of Parliament (House of Assembly and Senate) after any general election, the House of Assembly shall elect no more than four women as its members on a regional basis.

Sources:

Article 86 clauses (1) and (2), and article 95 clauses (1)(b), (1)(c), (2) and (3) of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland* Act 2005.

*The country name was modified from Swaziland to Eswatini, effective May 2018.

Youth quota
No information available

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No