Thailand

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
11
(2023)

Notes:

Aside from the Council of Ministers and members of the House, eligible voters numbering at least 10,000 have the right of legislative initiative via petition (Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand , B.E. 2560 (2017), Section 133). In the 2014-2019 legislature, one of the 464 laws adopted was initiated by citizens.

Organic law may only be introduced by the Council of Ministers upon the recommendation of the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court or a relevant Independent Organ, and members of the House of Representatives comprising not less than one-tenth of the total number of existing members (Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand , B.E. 2560 (2017), Section 131).

Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
50
(2023-03 - 2023-04)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
11
(2023-03 - 2023-04)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
39
(2023-03 - 2023-04)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
22%
(2023-03 - 2023-04)
Dates of the previous legislature
24 May 2019 to 20 Mar 2023
(2023-03 - 2023-04)
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
No information available

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Constitution, Section 146.

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
0
(2023)
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Parliament

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

There is a procedure for introducing emergency legislation into parliament
Yes
Number of times the procedure for emergency legislation was used, per year
2

Sources: Constitution, art. 172-174

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No