Thailand

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Fourth
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
No
Speaker's term
No information available
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto

Notes:

In the case where a Member of the House of Representatives has been arrested in flagrante delicto, a report shall forthwith be submitted to the President of the House, and, for the benefit of a sitting, the President may order the release of that person in order to attend the sitting.

Sources: Constitution, art. 125

There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
854,760 THB
(2023)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
72,932
(2023)
Basic allowances
507,960 THB
Basic allowance in PPP
42,436
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Periodicity of attendance allowance
Other

Notes: An attendance allowance of 1,500 per Standing Committee meeting and 800 per Ad-hoc Committee meeting (limited to two times per day)

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No information available

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes: Travel and accommodation allowances and reimbursement of medical expenses

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes Yes
Committee Chair No

Notes: Speaker & Deputy Speaker receive additional salary and allowances (50,000 and 42,500 baht allowances respectively).

Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount

Royal Decree on Remuneration and Benefits of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, President and Vice-President of the Senate, Leader of Opposition in the House of Representatives, Members of the House of Representatives, the Senators, and Members of the Committee, B.E 2555 (2012)

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
No
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
No information available
Members for whom data is available
500
(2023)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
No information available

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No