Timor-Leste

National Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
65
Women
25
Percentage of women
38.5%

Speaker

Speaker
Maria Fernanda Lay (Female)
Date of birth: 10 Nov 1954
Additional information

Elected on 22 June 2023.

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Finance Committee Finance Cedelizia Faria dos Santos Female 48
Committee on Social, Health and Gender Equality Affairs Gender equality Maria Gorumali Barreto Female 50

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2023-06)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 1 8 9 17 6 0 0 0 41
Female 0 0 1 7 7 4 4 1 0 0 24
Totals per age interval 0 0 2 15 16 21 10 1 0 0 65
Total <= 45: 17 Total >= 46: 48
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
3.1% 2% 1.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
26.2% 14% 12.3%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: On electoral lists, one out of every group of three candidates must be a woman, otherwise the list will be rejected.

Sources: Law on Elections of the National Parliament (Art. 12 (3))

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament
2001

Notes: 2001: This was the independent country's first first Constituent Assembly, which also became the first legislature

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker
2023

Women’s suffrage

Date of independence
2002

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No