United States of America

House of Representatives

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
No

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congress
Chamber name
House of Representatives
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889 to 2003
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
No information available

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Mike Johnson (Male)
Date of birth: 30 Jan 1972
Term
25 Oct 2023
Additional information

Elected on 25 Oct. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Acting Clerk of the House
Secretary General
Kevin McCumber (Male)
Term
01 Jul 2023
Notes

1 July 2023 -

Members

Statutory number of members
435

Notes: In addition, there are six non-voting members: Five delegates (one each from the District of Columbia, US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and one Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
435
Current number of members
432
Men
307
Women
125
Percentage of women
28.9%
Statutory number of members per country 
535
Population (in thousands)
336,998
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
629,903

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
58.0
(2023-01)
Youngest member
Maxwell Alejandro Frost (Male)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Grace Napolitano (Female)
Oldest member (years)
86
Number of members, by age (2023-01)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 1 29 31 33 85 85 38 7 0 309
Female 0 1 14 11 22 30 22 20 3 0 123
Totals per age interval 0 2 43 42 55 115 107 58 10 0 432
Total <= 45: 87 Total >= 46: 345
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.5% 0.2% 0.2%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
10.4% 7% 3.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
20.1% 14% 6.0%
Members for whom age data is not available
21
(2023-01)

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No