United States of America


Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.


Election date(s)
08 Nov 2022
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
05 Nov 2024
Number of seats at stake
Scope of elections
Partial renewal


Number of parties contesting the election

Notes: Only two parties, the Democrats and the Republicans, fielded congressional candidates in all 50 US states and the territories. The Libertarian Party fielded candidates in most, but not all, states.


About the election

In the mid-term elections held under President Joe Biden (Democrat), the Democrats narrowly retained control of the 100-member Senate (see note 1) while Republicans regained a majority in the 435-member House of Representatives.

The 2022 elections were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine that started in February. The war has triggered a global financial downturn and a steady rise in the cost of living in the United States. The elections were also the first to be held after the Supreme Court ruling of June 2022 that overturned the 1973 Roe v Wade ruling. As a result, abortion rights were pushed to the centre of the electoral debate, along with the economy, inflation and immigration (see note 2).

Note 1:

Democrats held 51 seats in the 100-member Senate after the 2022 elections, which renewed 35 seats. In addition, the Vice President of the United States (Democrat), who is also the President of the Senate, may cast tie-breaking votes. Democrats have therefore retained control of the Senate.

Note 2:

The 1973 Roe v Wade ruling had granted the right to abortion in the United States. The 2022 ruling triggered widespread protests across the country. President Joe Biden has described the ruling as a “sad day” for the country. Democrats tried to pass a federal law to protect the right to abortion. Republicans argued that abortion regulations should be handled by US states. At least 13 states had banned most abortions by November 2022.

Number of parties winning seats
Percentage of parties winning seats
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
Alternation of power after elections
Number of parties in government
Names of parties in government
Democratic Party

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total Full composition
Democratic Party 15 51
Republican Party 20 49
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
Number of women elected

Notes: There were 25 women out of 100 senators: 6 women elected in 2022 (out of 35 senators) and 19 women among the 65 incumbent senators whose terms were not up in 2022.

Percentage of women elected
Women Directly Elected
Other notes on the elections

Note on the parties or coalitions winning seats:

- Thirty-five seats were contested at the 2022 Senate elections: 34 seats from regular renewal and one special election.

- The Democratic Party held 51 seats, including those of two independents who caucus with the Democrats.


New legislature

Total number of men after the election
Total number of women after the election
Percentage of women after the election
First-term parliamentarians
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
Date of the first session
03 Jan 2023

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Kamala D. Harris (Female)
Date of birth: 20 Oct 1964
Political party
Democratic Party
Date of election
20 Jan 2021
Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Patty Murray (Female)
Date of birth: 11 Oct 1950
Political party
Democratic Party
Date of election
03 Jan 2023

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06