Viet Nam

National Assembly

Political system
Communist system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Quoc-Hoi (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1957 to 1962
from 1968 to 1974
from 1979
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the National Assembly
Speaker
Thanh Man Tran (Male)
Date of birth: 12 Aug 1962
Term
20 May 2024
Additional information

Elected on 20 May 2024.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Van Cuong Bui (Male)
Term
07 Apr 2021
Notes

Appointed on 7 April 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members
500

Notes: In accordance with the law on the organization of the National Assembly, the number of members shall not exceed 500.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
500
Current number of members
493
Men
342
Women
151
Percentage of women
30.6%
Population (in thousands)
97,468
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
194,936

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
49.8
(2021-07)
Youngest member
Quàng Thị Nguyệt (Female)
Youngest member (years)
23
Oldest member
Nguyễn Phú Trọng (Male)
Oldest member (years)
77
Number of members, by age (2021-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 1 16 50 89 167 24 1 0 0 348
Female 0 7 28 44 38 33 1 0 0 0 151
Totals per age interval 0 8 44 94 127 200 25 1 0 0 499
Total <= 45: 146 Total >= 46: 353
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
1.6% 0.2% 1.4%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
10.4% 3% 7.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
29.3% 13% 15.8%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Youth
-

Notes: There is not a set number of reserved seats for ethnic minorities. However, the Law on Election of National Assembly Deputies, approved by the VNA, sets a threshold for a certain percentage of ethnic minority candidates. It stipulates that “The number of ethnics who are nominated National Assembly candidates shall be proposed by Standing Committee of the National Assembly at the request of the National Assembly's Ethnic Council, provided that at least 18% of total official National Assembly candidates are ethnics."

Sources: Law No. 85/2015/QH13 on the Election of National Assembly Deputies, art. 8(2)

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: No voluntary or legislated candidate quotas are in place. However, the Law on Election of National Assembly Deputies, approved by the VNA, stipulates that “The number of women who are nominated as National Assembly candidates shall be proposed by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly at the request of the Presidium of Central Committee of Vietnam Women's Union, provided that at least 35% of total official National Assembly candidates are women.”

Sources: Law No. 85/2015/QH13 on the Election of National Assembly Deputies, art. 8(3)

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No