South Africa

National Assembly

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Other

Notes:

Both Speakers of each chamber are equivalent to the Deputy President.
When the President is absent from the Republic or otherwise unable to fulfill the duties of President, or during a vacancy in the office of President, an office-bearer acts as President in the following order:
(a) The Deputy President
(b) A Minister designated by the President.
(c) A Minister designated by the other members of the Cabinet.
(d) The Speaker, until the National Assembly designates one of its other members.

Sources: Constitution, art. 90

Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes

Notes: Only if Deputy President or minister appointed by cabinet unable to act.

Sources: Constitution, art. 90

Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
No information available
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available
There's no fixed term of the Speaker
Yes

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
No
There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
1,200,000 ZAR
(2023)

Notes: Total remuneration payable to MPs can be structured to the member’s needs and includes the monthly Political Office Bearers Allowance.

Basic salary, per year in PPP
172,166
(2023)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
17,192
Names of the basic allowances

Political Office Bearers Allowance (10,000 ZAR paid monthly)

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No information available
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
Yes
Housing
Yes
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes: Members are entitled to receive travel allowances for constituency work.

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes
Committee Chair Yes

Notes:

Speaker - R 2,800,000

Deputy Speaker - R 1,970,000

House Chairpersons - R 1,880,000

Parliamentary Counsellors & Leader of Opposition - R 1,600,000

Committee Chairpersons - R 1,490,000

Party leaders - R 1,340,000

Whips - R 1,240,000

Salary of the Speaker
2,800,000 ZAR
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
401,146
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount

The independent Commission for the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers makes recommendations.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
No
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website

Salaries are published annually in the Government Gazette and on the website of the Independent Commission for Remuneration of Public Office Bearers http://www.remcommission.gov.za

Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
0
(2024)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No