Zimbabwe

Senate

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parliament
Chamber name
Senate
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1981
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Senate
Speaker
Mabel M. Chinomona (Female)
Date of birth: 22 Jan 1958
Term
11 Sep 2018
Additional information

Elected on 11 Sep. 2018, re-elected on 8 Sep. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Clerk of Parliament
Secretary General
Kennedy Mugove Chokuda (Male)
Term
20 May 2015
Notes

Appointed on 20 May 2015.

Members

Statutory number of members
80

Notes: Membership includes two representatives of persons with disabilities,18 traditional chiefs, the President and Deputy President of the National Council of Chiefs, and two chiefs from each of the eight provinces (excluding the two metropolitan provinces of Harare and Bulawayo).

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
60
Indirectly elected members
20
Current number of members
71
Men
36
Women
35
Percentage of women
49.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
360
Population (in thousands)
Click for historical data
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
No information available
Youngest member
Chief Siansali (Male)
Youngest member (years)
36
Oldest member
Didymus Mutasa (Male)
Oldest member (years)
79
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes

Notes:

Two seats in the 80-member Senate are reserved for persons with disabilities (one for a male and one for a female representative). They are to be elected by the Electoral College for Persons with a Disability.

Source:

Article 120 (1) (d) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No. 2) Act, 2021. The law was adopted by the National Assembly on 20 April 2021, and by the Senate on 4 May 2021. It was enacted by the President of the Republic, and entered into force on 7 May 2021. Articles 45 and 45A of the Electoral Amendment Act, 2023 entered into force on 19 July 2023.

Persons with disabilities
2
Other groups
-

Notes: 18 for Traditional Leaders

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Each list of candidates submitted by political parties for the Senate must list candidates of both genders alternately. Every list must be led by a female candidate.

Sources: Articles 120 (1) (a) and (2) (b) of the Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No. 2) Act, 2021. The law was adopted by the National Assembly on 20 April 2021, and by the Senate on 4 May 2021. It was enacted by the President of the Republic, and entered into force on 7 May 2021.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No