Women Speakers of national parliaments

Before 1945:

  • Austria was the only state where a woman was elected president of a chamber (the Bundesrat ) before World War II

From 1945 to 1997:

  • Only 42 of the 186 states with legislative institutions at some point in their history have had a woman chair of parliament or a chamber of parliament: this has occurred 78 times in all.
  • These are 18 European countries, 19 countries in the Americas, three African countries, one country in Asia and one country in the Pacific.
  • Twenty-four of the states in question had a bicameral parliament, and the presidency was given to a woman somewhat more frequently in the Senate than in the People's Chamber.

Current Status: 

  • Only 57 women preside over one of the Houses of the 192 Parliaments, 81 of which are bicameral. Women therefore occupy only 20.5% of the total filled posts of Presiding Officers of Parliament or of one of its Houses. See a full list of women Speakers below, including the link to global and regional percentages for Speakers.

Lower and unicameral chambers

Upper chambers


Country data on women speakers

CountryChamberFull nameYear of birthDate of appointment
AlbaniaParliamentLindita Nikolla196510 Sep 2021
AndorraGeneral CouncilRoser Suñé Pascuet196002 May 2019
Antigua and BarbudaSenateAlincia Williams-Grant197225 Jun 2014
ArgentinaSenateCristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner195310 Dec 2019
AzerbaijanNational AssemblySahiba Gafarova195510 Mar 2020
BahamasHouse of AssemblyPatricia Deveaux07 Oct 2021
BahamasSenateLashell Adderley07 Oct 2021
BahrainCouncil of RepresentativesFawzia Zainal196112 Dec 2018
BangladeshParliamentShirin Sharmin Chaudhury196630 Apr 2013
BelarusCouncil of the RepublicNatalya Kochanova196006 Dec 2019
BelgiumHouse of RepresentativesEliane Tillieux196613 Oct 2020
BelgiumSenateStephanie D'Hose198113 Oct 2020
BelizeHouse of RepresentativesValerie Woods197311 Dec 2020
BelizeSenateCarolyn Trench Sandiford196211 Dec 2020
Bosnia and HerzegovinaHouse of RepresentativesBorjana Krišto196106 Dec 2018
ChileSenateYasna Provoste Campillay196917 Mar 2021
ColombiaHouse of RepresentativesJennifer Kristin Arias Falla198720 Jul 2021
Costa RicaLegislative AssemblySilvia Hernández Sánchez197601 May 2021
CyprusHouse of RepresentativesAnita Demetriou198510 Jun 2021
EcuadorNational AssemblyGuadalupe Llori Abarca196315 May 2021
Equatorial GuineaSenateMaría Teresa Efua Asangono195712 Jul 2013
EswatiniSenateLindiwe Dlamini196523 Oct 2018
FinlandParliamentAnu Vehviläinen196309 Jun 2020
GabonSenateLucie Milebou-Aubusson195727 Feb 2015
Gambia (The)National AssemblyMariam Jack Denton195211 Apr 2017
IndonesiaHouse of RepresentativesPuan Maharani197302 Oct 2019
ItalySenateMaria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati194624 Mar 2018
JamaicaHouse of RepresentativesMarisa Dalrymple-Philibert195615 Sep 2020
JapanHouse of CouncillorsAkiko Santo194201 Aug 2019
KiribatiHouse of AssemblyTangariki Reete196722 May 2020
LatviaParliamentInara Murniece197004 Nov 2014
LesothoSenateMamonaheng Mokitimi11 Jul 2017
LiberiaThe Liberian SenateJewel Howard Taylor196322 Jan 2018
LithuaniaParliamentViktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen198313 Nov 2020
MadagascarNational AssemblyChristine Razanamahasoa195116 Jul 2019
MalawiNational AssemblyCatherine Gotani Hara197319 Jun 2019
MexicoSenateOlga María Del Carmen Sánchez Cordero Dávila194701 Sep 2021
MozambiqueAssembly of the RepublicEsperança Laurinda Francisco Nhiuane Bias195813 Jan 2020
NetherlandsHouse of RepresentativesVera Bergkamp197107 Apr 2021
NorwayParliamentEva Kristin Hansen197309 Oct 2021
PeruCongress of the RepublicMaría del Carmen Alva Prieto196727 Jul 2021
PolandSejmElżbieta Witek195709 Aug 2019
RomaniaSenateAnca Dana Dragu197221 Dec 2020
Russian FederationCouncil of the FederationValentina Matvienko194921 Sep 2011
RwandaChamber of DeputiesDonatille Mukabalisa196005 Oct 2013
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesHouse of AssemblyRochelle Forde197430 Nov 2020
South AfricaNational AssemblyNosiviwe Noluthando Mapisa-Nqakula195619 Aug 2021
South SudanTransitional National Legislative AssemblyJemma Nunu Kumba196602 Aug 2021
SpainCongress of DeputiesMeritxell Batet197303 Dec 2019
TogoNational AssemblyYawa Djigbodi Tsegan197123 Jan 2019
Trinidad and TobagoHouse of RepresentativesBridgid Annisette-George195823 Sep 2015
Trinidad and TobagoSenateChristine Kangaloo196123 Sep 2015
TurkmenistanAssemblyGulshat Mamedova196430 Mar 2018
United States of AmericaHouse of RepresentativesNancy Pelosi194003 Jan 2019
United States of AmericaSenateKamala D. Harris196420 Jan 2021
UruguaySenateBeatriz Argimón196101 Mar 2020
UzbekistanSenateTanzila Narbaeva195621 Jun 2019
ZambiaNational AssemblyNelly Butete Kashumba Mutti195603 Sep 2021
ZimbabweSenateMabel M. Chinomona195811 Sep 2018