Japan

Data on women

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Basic information > About parliament

Speaker

Speaker
Tadamori Oshima (Male)
Year of birth
1946

Secretary general

Secretary General
Noriharu Okada (Male)
Notes Additional information about the Secretary General, in particular regarding their term.
Appointed on 26 June 2019.

Members

Current number of members, by sex
Men The number of male parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
418
See historical data for this field.
Women The number of female parliamentarians who currently hold seats in parliament.
46
See historical data for this field.
Percentage of women Calculated by dividing the current number of women by the current number of members.
9.91% See historical data for this field.

Age

Youngest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
Youngest member
Takako Suzuki (Female)
Oldest member (years) Age at the time of the last election or renewal.
79
Oldest member
Bunmei Ibuki (Male)
Total number of MPs, 45 years of age or younger
103 See historical data for this field.
Total number of MPs, 46 years of age or older
362 See historical data for this field.
Total per sex
Total of male
418 See historical data for this field.
Total of female
47 See historical data for this field.
Total per age interval
18-20
0 See historical data for this field.
21-30
0 See historical data for this field.
31-40
39 See historical data for this field.
41-45
64 See historical data for this field.
46-50
62 See historical data for this field.
51-60
158 See historical data for this field.
61-70
116 See historical data for this field.
71-80
26 See historical data for this field.
81-90
0 See historical data for this field.
91 and over
0 See historical data for this field.
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Totals per age interval 0 0 39 64 62 158 116 26 0 0
Total <= 45: 103 Total >= 46: 362
Male 0 0 32 57 57 138 108 26 0 0 418
Female 0 0 7 7 5 20 8 0 0 0 47
Percentage of members, by age
Age as last election or renewalOverallMaleFemale
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger0%0%0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger8.39%6.88%1.51%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger22.15%19.14%3.01%

Reserved seats and quotas

Electoral quota for women Quotas to promote the representation of women in parliament.
Elections > Election results

Candidates

Total number of candidates Total number of people who registered as candidates for election. Does not include people who stood as candidates to become "substitute members".
1,180
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
209
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
17.71%
Number of candidates, by sex
Number of female candidates Number of female candidates
209
Percentage of women candidates The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women candidates by the total number of candidates.
17.71%

Results

Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
418
Number of women elected
47
Percentage of women elected The percentage is calculated by dividing the number of women elected in the election and the number of seats at stake at the election.
10.11%
Number of women after election or renewal, by mode of designation
Women Directly Elected
47

New legislature

Total number of men after the election The total number of male parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
418
Total number of women after the election The total number of female parliamentarians in this parliament/chamber following the election or renewal, regardless of their modes of designation.
47
First Speaker of the new legislature
First Speaker of the new legislature First name of the Speaker of the new legislature following the election or renewal.
Tadamori Oshima (Male)
Political party
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
Date of election
01.11.2017
Elections > Historical data on women

Women's suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1945
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Suffrage: Restrictions detail
Only for elections to the Lower house
Notes Suffrage: Additional Notes on right of suffrage
Women exercised their right to vote for the first time in 10 April 1946
Women’s right to vote Year in which women obtained the right to vote
1947
National or local Suffrage: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Suffrage: Restricted or Universal
Universal
Women’s right to stand for election
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1945
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Restricted
Detail of restrictions Stand for Election: Restrictions detail
Women only allowed to stand for lower house elections
Women's right to stand for election Year in which women obtained the right to stand for election
1947
National or local Stand for Election: National or Local
National
Restricted or unrestricted suffrage Stand for Election : Restricted or Universal
Universal
First woman in parliament
First woman in parliament Year in which first woman entered parliament
1946
First woman speaker
Year of first woman speaker Date at which, for the first time in the country's parliamentary history, a woman became Presiding Officer of Parliament or of one of its Houses.
1993

Specialized body - Women's caucus

Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally
(July 2017)
Formal or informal
Informal
The caucus is open to male MPs
Yes
The caucus is cross-party
Yes
Notes
The Parliamentary Group to Promote Women’s Empowerment Internationally is a joint group with members from both chambers of parliament.
There are rules governing the functioning of the caucus
No

Activities

The caucus has a strategic plan or plan of action
No
The caucus has a communication plan
No